Από την Παροχή Πρόσβασης στον Έλεγχο του Περιεχομένου – Η μάχη στην ΕΕ Συνεχίζεται

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sarkozy mickey

Εδώ και δύο χρόνια η ΕΕ αγωνίζεται να ψηφίσει το νέο νομοθετικό πακέτο για τις ηλεκτρονικές επικοινωνίες. Εδώ όμως και δύο χρόνια υπάρχουν συνεχείς αψιμαχίες ως προς το τι χαρακτήρα θα έχει το πακέτο αυτό. Υπάρχουν μεγάλα συμφέροντα που πιέζουν το γραφειοκρατικό διευθυντήριο των Βρυξελλών να αφήσει παράθυρο στους τηλεπικοινωνιακούς παρόχους πρόσβασης να ελέγχουν το περιεχόμενο της διαδικτυακής επικοινωνίας και να αστυνομεύουν τους χρήστες. Κύριος υπέρμαχος μίας τέτοιας εκδοχής είναι η Γαλλία του Σαρκοζύ, ο οποίος λέγεται ότι πρόσφατα δέχθηκε πρόταση πολλών εκατομμυρίων από τη Disney να πρωταγωνιστεί ως καρικατούρα σε ταινία κινουμένων σχεδίων της.

Διαβάστε και μάθετε πως ψηφίζονται οι νόμοι στην «δημοκρατία» της ΕΕ.

TELECOMS PACKAGE STILL IN A STALEMATE

9 April 2009

Europolitics

At this point, there is still no agreement on the telecoms package, namely the overhaul of EU telecoms rules, although the Czech EU Presidency still hopes to bring it to conclusion before handing over the reins to the Swedes in July. The stalemate was announced on the evening of 7 April after a final meeting of the Committee of Permanent Representatives of the EU member states (Coreper).

The Council and the European Parliament are at odds in particular on MEPs’ ex-Amendment 138 (now Amendment 46), which states that only a judicial decision can limit internet users’ right to information and freedom of expression. The amendment, approved at first reading by nearly 90% of MEPs, raised an outcry in France, where it conflicts with the Internet and creation’ bill tabled by the French government to combat illegal downloading. The bill (currently undergoing adoption) provides for the creation of a high authority for the protection of rights on internet (Hadopi), which will apply a graded penalty system that can include suspension of the connection of repeat offenders after two warnings. Also opposed to the amendment are the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy, Portugal and Finland.

The EP is sticking to its guns. During the latest talks, the Council tried to slip the amendment into a recital, which has weaker legal value than articles since the latter must be transposed into national law. Politically, a recital would also be weaker. «A recital outlines the motivation, but has no binding force, whereas an article sets out the rule in law,» explained a legal expert in Brussels. The EP rejected the move and intends to keep the amendment in an article. The stalemate also concerns the content of the amendment.

French Socialist Catherine Trautmann, who was in constant contact with the EP political groups, made a final proposal that was rejected by Coreper. It stated: «Recognising that internet is essential for exercising freedom of expression and access to education and information, no restriction may be imposed on these fundamental rights in the absence of an earlier decision by an independent and impartial court established by law and acting in keeping with the process defined in Article 6 of the Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, save in the case of a threat to public security». The Council wants to delete the reference to courts and replace it with «competent legal authorities».

CALENDAR

Considering the slowdown in EU activities due to the Easter holidays, the Presidency has not planned another Coreper meeting before the morning of 21 April. That same evening, the EP Industry Committee will be voting on the Trautmann report in Strasbourg.

«For us, it is too late,» reacted the MEP’s aides, who mentioned the constraints of translation and legal checks of a possible final agreement. The EP will be voting on the text resulting from the negotiations with the Presidency, on which agreement exists. For the outstanding points, if there is no agreement in the meantime, MEPs will vote on the final versions decided in agreement with the political groups, noted EP sources.

There are other stumbling blocks, such as mention of the use of the digital dividend’ by technologies other than TV, notably mobile phones (ie the frequencies freed up by the switchover from analogue to digital TV by 2012 – see Europolitics 3732). Italy, backed by Spain, Portugal and Romania, wants to delete the reference.

There is also disagreement in connection with the report by British Conservative Malcolm Harbour on the protection of privacy and universal service. This is the case for cookies’ (small files stored on the hard disk and used to keep information on visitors to websites). The EP would like for users to have to authorise or reject them, in other words, opt in, while the Council wants to maintain the opt-out approach, where the user can delete them

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